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Smithing refers broadly to smelting ore in a kiln or forge, in order to craft metal tools. The smelting of metals provide the door for the acquisition of the most technological items in the game, such as Newcomen machines and even radios. Crafting steel tools is a major accomplishment for a civilization, and will greatly increase your likelihood of survival, pushing your tribe to the next level of existence.

Objects that can be made include tools, rails, lock and keys, crowns, dice and bells. Obtaining steel tools will also allow you to cook more meat items, dig up wells for farm use, and also make useful items such as hand carts.


Becoming a blacksmith is a long and difficult process, but very rewarding. Before starting the smithing process ensure you have a steady supply of food. Smithing is best done in pairs so that someone can keep fires lit and charcoal cooking but it's doable solo if you've got an organized space and a lot of trees and patience. A good way to practice smithing is within the tutorial.

One golden rule of any town is to NOT DISTURB THE BUSY BLACKSMITH. Certain in-game objects, such as engines, are absolutely vital to a town's survival, and very few players know how to make them. Entire towns have died out because the village blacksmith was too annoyed to finish an engine and no one else knew how to do so.

The Smithy[]


Metal Tools[]

Flint and Stone[]



Using the Kiln[]

To use the kiln, place a piece of kindling inside, then light it with a firebrand. The kiln will stay lit for 30 seconds, during which you can use your tongs on wet clay bowls, wet clay plates, wet clay nozzles, or wet clay crocks to bake them in the kiln. This process is instantaneous, so you can bake several items one after the other while the fire is going. You should make at least 3 bowls and 3 plates, 6 of each is better. You can always use more bowls and plates for smithing and cooking.

Firing Clay[]

Before you light your fire and start burning through kindling, make sure you have all the materials and tools you need. Once you are ready, you can build your fire. Use a Long Straight Shaft on your fire to get a firebrand. Use the firebrand on the kindling-filled kiln to get Firing Adobe Kiln. You must now work quickly, as it will go out after 30 seconds. Pick the wet clay plates, bowls and nozzle up in the tongs and use them on the firing kiln, then put them down and move on to the next one. Prioritize the clay nozzle, and at least one each of clay bowl and plate.

Using the Forge[]

To use the forge, you need to use a basket of charcoal instead of kindling as fuel. Either make charcoal using the kiln, then add the bellows later, or if you have a second kiln with charcoal, you can transfer the charcoal to the forge directly with the basket. For this reason, it is advisable to have a kiln and a forge near each other so you can make charcoal with the kiln while smithing with the forge.

The forge can be lit using a firebrand. Pick up the object to be forged using wooden tongs and use it on the firing forge. Then set the object either on the ground (for Crucibles), or on a Flat Rock, with Smithing Hammer or a round stone at the ready.

Making Steel Tools[]

Iron ores have to be made into wrought iron before they can be made into steel ingots, which is what you need to make steel tools. For the whole process, you will need a stone, a short shaft, at least one clay bowl and clay plate (though 3-12 of each is recommended), and at least one flat rock (also recommended to have 3-6, depending on how fast you can work).

Wrought Iron[]

Smithing - Cross Layout

Another strategy which requires a bag is to have your ore, flat rock, tongs, forge and a free space in a cross or plus (+) shape, and a round stone in your bag. You use the tongs to pick up an iron ore, heat it in the forge, place it on the flat rock, put down the tongs so you can take out the round stone, hit the hot iron bloom to turn it into wrought iron, put the stone in your bag, then move the wrought iron by hand to the free space and repeat.

While you will use most of your wrought iron to make steel ingots, you can also use a smithing hammer on hot wrought iron on flat rock to make some items needed for a multipurpose newcomen engine, a fuel tank, or a sewing machine.

  1. Crude Piston
  2. Partial Sewing Machine
  3. Crude Cylinder
  4. Fuel Tank
  5. Boiler

Steel Crucible[]

You can get copper and zinc ingots the same way as steel ingots, without having to make a wrought piece of metal. To get copper, add Malachite and charcoal to a bowl and seal with a plate. To get zinc, add calamine and charcoal and seal with a plate. Limestone does not require charcoal or a plate.

Steel Tools[]

Making steel tools requires using tongs to heat a steel ingot in a firing forge, then placing it on a flat rock to be reshaped with a smithing hammer.

To make a smithing hammer, like wrought iron, use a stone on a hot steel ingot on flat rock to get a hot steel hammer head. When it's cooled down, combine it with a short shaft to make a smithing hammer.

To make the other tools, use a smithing hammer on the hot steel ingot on flat rock. The first time you hit the steel ingot, it will become a hot steel axe head. If you hit it again with the smithing hammer, it will become a hot steel hoe blade. Keep hitting the item while it's hot until you find the tool you want. The order each item appears in is:

With the exception of the chisel, you will need to add a long or short shaft, or do something else to make those tools usable. To get a working file, you need a cooked goose and a chisel. Blade blanks can be used in a firing newcomen drill to make a draw plate (used for looms), but most things you want it for (knives, shears, bow saw) will require you use a Steel File on it.

The tools will cycle back once you hit the Mining Pick Head (v20269), however that is something to be avoided as time is lost in the process. It is recommended to note which items you want to make and how many times you want to hit it with a hammer before starting to smith.


  • The most important factor while firing multiple items is the arrangement of them before lighting the kiln, as you lose time retrieving them.
  • Each time you light a kiln you should be able to fire at least 8 items, with 12 being a very good amount. Firing past 12 items is difficult, but still possible.
  • You could also keep yourself from firing 1-2 items to cover the kiln with adobe to produce charcoal for smithing.
  • These numbers also apply to smelt items that don't require extra steps.
  • While making Wrought Iron, you can put 2-3 blooms in the flat rocks and hit them all in a single run, but this is a advance practice and you risk to let the blooms get cold and thus lose more time than you earn using this technique. Also you will want to hit them in the order they were placed, as the first placed will be the first to get cold.
  • Using this technique you can turn 4-5 iron ores to Wrought Iron. Trying 6 pieces lies into the danger zone.
  • You can also use hammers to turn blooms into Wrought Iron, but they lose durability while doing so.